AMINO ACIDS

AMINO ACIDS

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Amino acids play central roles both as building blocks of proteins and as intermediates in metabolism. The 20 amino acids that are found within proteins convey a vast array of chemical versatility. 

The precise amino acid content, and the sequence of those amino acids, of a specific protein, is determined by the sequence of the bases in the gene that encodes that protein. The chemical properties of the amino acids of proteins determine the biological activity of the protein.

Proteins not only catalyze all (or most) of the reactions in living cells, they control virtually all cellular process. In addition, proteins contain within their amino acid sequences the necessary information to determine how that protein will fold into a three dimensional structure, and the stability of the resulting structure. The field of protein folding and stability has been a critically important area of research for years, and remains today one of the great unsolved mysteries. It is, however, being actively investigated, and progress is being made every day.

 Amino Acids
   Alanine 
   Arginine 
   Asparagine 
   Aspartic acid 
   Cysteine 
   Glutamic acid 
   Glutamine 
   Glycine
   Histidine 
   Isoleucine 
   Leucine 
   Lysine 
   Methionine 
   Phenylalanine
   Proline 
   Serine 
   Threonine 
   Tryptophan 
   Tyrosine 
   Valine

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